Research in seed science and technologies has been one of the strengths of OSU Seed Laboratory. The constant contact of the lab with thousands of customers facing seed testing and management issues, gives the lab a unique capacity to generate highly applicable research to solve pressing problems. Some research is conducted with own funds, while other larger projects are funded with grants or contract or fees. Currently, the research and development at the OSU Seed Lab focuses on five areas:
Through publication, the results of research are shared with the greater scientific, testing and production community.
Mechanization and automation of seed testing and seed separations
The purpose of this area of research is to incorporate or introduce new technologies to solve problems and develop methods that can better respond to the current and the future industry needs. The ultimate goal in this area is to simplify procedures, increase efficiency and assure quality.
Validations and enhancement of seed viability, vigor, grow-outs and other seed performances
The objective of the research in this area is to speed up germination, assure germination uniformity and to verify plant types through grow-out testing and performance by several means: breaking dormancy efficiently, improving scarification methods, chemical-physical treatments and additives and by accelerating plant development for effective species identification.
Research projects in this area focuses on traits that define the value of seeds in the market particularly for seeds produced or used in Oregon.
We have one of the most advanced databases and programs that contain information for test results of approximately 30,000 tests every year. This information is a treasure to generate knowledge on purity, germination, specific contaminants, and other quality attibutes by crops, years, companies, warehouse, etc. This information can be used to generate research to understand and solve problems, to assist customers on seed management programs and to plan innovations for the lab or customers.
This area focuses on any seed related research in response to specific needs of others including research, extension, industry customers that are working on seed related projects. The clients bring treated samples (products of chemical treatments, production practices, time of harvest, etc) and the lab completes the seed evaluations. The following are some examples that were completed in the last few years:
Future projects in this area is open to the needs of customers in seed related areas such as: moisture content, purity, germination, vigor, seed identification, ploidy, TZ, seed search in soil or compost or feed pellets, etc. If you have a need or idea, bring it up to the lab and we may be able to assist in designing the study, performing experiments, and analyzing data.
OSU Seed Lab researchers and other staff contribute regularly to seed testing research in many different ways, including refereed journals, books and industry magazines and newsletters. Highlighted names are seed lab staff.
Baalbaki, R., M. B. McDonald, S. G. Elias, and J. M. Filho. 2009. Seed vigor testing handbook. Association of Official Seed Analysts. Contribution no. 32.
Elias, S.G., and E.K. Nelson. 2009. Impact of glyphosate tolerance gene on seed quality of transgenic bentgrass. Seed Sci. & Technol. 37: 350-364.
Elias, S., and A. Garay. 2008. Effect of germination and fluorescence on plant type produced in ryegrass. Abstract: 2008 AOSA/SCST Meeting. Seed Technol. 30:87-88.
Elias, S. G. and A. Garay. 2008. Effect of pre-chilling treatment on the germination and fluorescence of perennial ryegrass. In W.C. Young III (ed.), Seed Production Research at Oregon State University. Department of Crop and Soil Science Ext/Crs 127, 3/08.
Elias, S., S. Maguire, and A. Miller. 2008. Suggested tolerances for tetrazolium tests. Abstract: 2008 AOSA/SCST Meeting. Seed Technol. 30:93.
Garay, A., S. Elias, and H. Nott. Methodology to develop a uniform blowing procedure in grass seeds: an example with tall fescue. Abstract: 2008 AOSA/SCST Meeting. Seed Technol. 30:885-86.
Garay, A., H. Nott, and S. Elias. 2008. Better alternative to breaking multiple seed units in tall fescue. Abstract: 2008 AOSA/SCST Meeting. Seed Technol. 20:86-87.
Trento, S., S. Elias, and A. Garay. 2007. Use of ELISA to differentiate between toxic and non-toxic endophyte in tall fescue seeds. Seed Technol. 29 (1): 60-67.
Elias, S., R. Baalbaki, and M. McDonald. 2007. Seed moisture determination: principles and procedures. Handbook on Seed Testing, Contribution no. 40. Association of Official Seed Analysts.
Elias, S. and R. Baalbaki. 2007. Determination of dormant seed in the AOSA Rules. Seed Technologist Newsletter, 81 (2) p. 42-43.
Elias, S.G., A. Garay, W.C. Young, and T.G. Chastain. 2007. Maintaining optimum seed quality in storage - storing grass seeds in Oregon. In W.C. Young III (ed.), Seed Production Research at Oregon State University. Department of Crop and Soil Science Ext/Crs 126, 4/07.
Garay, A., S. Elias, and H. Nott. 2007. Uniform blowing procedure to assess light inert in tall fescue samples. Seed Technologist Newsletter, 81 (2) p. 43-50.
Garay, A. and S. Elias. 2007. Ploidy by cytometry - new applications. Seed Technologist Newsletter, 81 (2) p. 51-52.
Trento, S., S. Elias, A. Garay, and J. Zavala. 2007 Comparison of Endophyte detection in fescue and ryegrass seed using an immunoblot assay and microscopic method. Seed Sci. & Technol. 35: 65-74.
Elias, S. G. 2006. Seed Quality Testing. p. 561-601. In A. S. Basra (ed.) Handbook of seed science and technology. Haworth Press Inc., N.Y.
Elias, S., A. Garay, J. Zavala, and S. Alderman. 2006. Laboratory test to detect the presence of small broomrape (Orobanche minor Smith) in red clover. Seed Technol. 28(1): 73-79.
Elias, S., A. Garay, L. Schweitzer, and S. Hanning. 2006. Seed quality testing of native species. Native Plants J. 7(1): 15-19.
Garay, A., S. Elias and H. Nott. 2006. Referee results - new blowing procedure of orchardgrass and Kentucky bluegrass using uniform calibration sample and air velocity calibration. Crop and Soil News/Notes OSU Extension Service Vol. 20, No. 4.
Garay, A., S. Elias and S. Hanning. 2006. Soil seed-bank test. Crop and Soil News/Notes OSU Extension Service Vol. 20, No. 2.
Schweitzer, L.R., M.E. Mellbye, G.A. Gingrich, and S.E. Elias. 2006. Exploring alternatives to enhance weed control during grass seed crop establishment. In W.C. Young III (ed.), Seed Production Research at Oregon State University. Department of Crop and Soil Science Ext/Crs 125, 4/06.
Elias, S. and D. Meyer. 2005. The need for updating the purity tolerances in the AOSA Rules. Seed Technologist Newsletterd, 79 (1) p. 27-40.
Elias, S., A. Garay and S. Hanning. 2005. Grow-out test for ryegrass - a useful supplement to the fluorescence test. Crop and Soil News/Notes OSU Extension Service. Vol. 19, No. 1.
Garay, A., S. Elias and S. Hanning. 2005. Useful tests for ryegrass seeds. Crop and Soil News/Notes OSU Extension Service. Vol. 19, No. 1.
Garay, A., S. Elias and H. Nott. 2005. Feasibility of developing blowing procedure for ryegrass using air velocity calibration. Seed Technologist Newsletter, 79 (2) p. 26.
Garay, A., S. Elias and H. Nott. 2005. Developing standard seed blowing procedures using air velocity calibration. Seed Technologist Newsletter, 79 (3) p. 41-46.